Paul Pantone > Basic theory

WFC gas yield Vs Prior Art Electrolysis


    Notice how pure dc enhances moisture compared to gas.. then notice how pulsed electrolysis drastically switches to more gas compared to moisture...  moisture in the gas is dampening the net product.. this must be a good reason why you need to keep the water cool to the touch.. to help promote a dry gas..

Continuous Electrolysis:
55cc/min @ one amp (Gasses comprise 15% ; Moisture 85%)
20& Potassium Hydroxide Electrolytic Aqueous Solution
(55 cc/min @ 1 amp) x 60 min. x 4 amps consumed = 13,200 cc/hr
13,200 cc/hr. - [11,220 (85% moisture content)] = 1,980 cc/hr.

Pulsed Electrolysis: 20 microseconds 50% duty  pulse rate
68 cc/min @ 1 amp (Gasses comprise 97%; 3% Moisture content)
20% Potassium Hydroxide Electrolytic Aqueous Solution
(68 cc/min @ 1 amp) x 60 min. x 4.0 amps consumed = 16,320 cc/hr
16,320 cc/hr. - [(489.6 (3% Moisture content)] = 15,830 cc/hr

WFC Voltage Disassociation of the Water Molecule
194.2 cc/min @ 1 amp (gasses comprises  99.99% c  1 ppm Moisture content)
Tap water : [ Potassium (1ppm)/ Sodium (10ppm)] Contaminates
(194.2 cc/min @ 1 amp) X 60 min. x 4 amp Leakage = 46,600 cc/hr.194.2 cc/min. - 68 cc/ min = 126.2 ¸  68 = 1.85 or 185% WFC improvement over prior there are several factors that are not mentioned for these results.. such as are all the results based off different methods being applied to the same cell. or does each method have its own dimensions compared to the other.. like does one have more plate area.... the one thing that is set is energy consumed.. so these results are based of applying same input energy but they may all use different dimension cells..

m = z q

Where m is the mass of substance liberated in gram's, z is the electrochemical equivalent of the substance and q is the quantity of electricity passed, in coulombs.. An important consequence of Faraday's law is that the rate of decomposition of an electrolyte is dependent upon current and is "independent of voltage. " For example, in a conventional electrolysis process in which current I  amps Flows to t seconds, q = I x t  and the mass of material deposited or dissolved will depend on I  "regardless of voltage." provided that voltage exceeds the minimum necessary for the electrolysis to proceed.. For electrolysis the Decomposition Voltage Potential is very low. (typically 1.55 ~ 2.25 volts).

"z is the electrochemical equivalent of the substance"
The electrochemical equivalent of an element is the mass of that element (in grams) transported by 1 coulomb of electricity.
Referecne=  electrochemical equivalent- the mass, in grams, of a substance deposited on the electrode of a voltameter by 1 coulomb of electricity. Reference=


==============================SIDE NOTES=========================================

The elementary charge, the charge of a proton (equivalently, the negative of the charge of an electron), is approximately 1.602176487(40)×10[size=85%]?19
[/size] coulombs.

The coulomb (symbol: C) is the SI derived unit of electric charge. It is defined as the charge transported by a steady current of one ampere in one second:


One coulomb is also the amount of excess charge on the positive side of a capacitance of one farad charged to a potential difference of one volt:



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