Stanley A Meyer has provided a number of design factors affecting output when designing

particle generators (EPG):

**1. Number of pickup coils**

**2 Number of turns per coil**

**3. Length of tubes**

**4. Velocity of gas**

**5. Strength of flux density **[/color]

Basic information on the Electrical Particle Generators comes from the followings sources:

1. Stan Meyer Dealership Sales Manuals ( First Second and Third Editions)

2. High Resolution Photographs of EPGs by Don Gabel

3 Yahoo Stan Meyer Interest Group

4.

*Index* to Electrical Particle Generator. WFC Memo 418 Posted at Ionizationx

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

**1.Number of Coils**

When designing an Electrical Particle Generator ( EPG), the number of turns, number of coils ,and method on connecting can be varied

depending upon the desired output in terms of amps and volts.

For the number of

* pick-up *coils examination of the high resolution images published by Don Gabel (see index pdf at Ionizationx )

I believe the following is a correct number for the various versions of EPGs posted by Gabel

** Description** **3 channel Coils 4 channel Coils Total Coils Turns per Coil* Device Total Turns **** Ref No Orion-/Gabel (Photo List**

Mechanical Drive EPG 57 19 76 DSC 177 post-it(r) 24

Magnetic Gas Accelerator 28 29 57 DSC 060

Photon Gas Accelerator ? ? ? Dealership Sales Manual p.

Magnetic Spin Accelerator 71 10 81 DSC 168 post-it 23

Coil 1.25 cup Coil Assembly 82 0 82 DSC 165 post-it 22

Multi-tier Mag Gas Plasma 3 12000 36000 Yahoo group Meyer

Examination of the images provides a value for the various numbers and types of coils

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

** 2.The Number of Turns per Coil ** (N)

The number of turns per coil can be estimated by application of circle packing theory. Because high resolution photographs of the electrical particle generators

exist, it is possible to estimate the number of turns per coil by the following means: A program such as Screen-caliper or Adobe Photoshop can measure distance or

provide pixel counts and in this manner determine the size of objects in a picture. It was determined that the diameter of the wire used to winds the pick-up coils was

22 gauge wire or 0.024 inch diameter AWG. Thus if the number of visible turns per coil can be determined and an estimate of the length of the coil can be made.

Because the outside diameter of the tubing used in the spiraled core is known (0.5 inches) , the depth or thickness of the coil can be estimated.

averaging the results from a sampling of coils may be more reliable estimate.

If the cross section area of ** "winding window"** is calculated and the wire gauge known,

circle packing theory allows estimates of the number of turns per coil (N) to be made.

Empirical method

To use the empirical method , bind together 3 sections of copper tubing laid side by side and to physically wrap a coil 'of

suitable length and winding depth. Adding complexity of the problem of the style or type of winding used( i.e. hexagonal

rectangular or random) One can wind more turns on a bobbin if the winding is hexagonal and less if its random because of

a larger air space between adjacent winds.

**3.Length of Coils** (L)

The length of the pickup coils is considered to be the linear distance of the core that is occupied by each of the pickup windings.

Methods of calculation

1.Approximate method

One method would be to determine the circumference of the spiraled core and divide by the number of observed

pickup coils. So let's say as an example, that the diameter of the spiraled tubing is about 16 inches yielding a circumference of

about 51 inches. Now suppose you counted 25 pickup coils, then 51 divided by 25 would be about 2 inches long

2. Improved method

Now in practice, the length of the coils is more closely approximated by accounting for the length of spiral

occupied by dividers and unwrapped length of unwound core. Because the length of the pickup coil (L)

will be used in later inductance calculations it is important to obtain a good estimate of its value.

3 Wire gauge method

Fortunately, thee[ the gauge of the wire is known with some precision

Also the number of visible windings times the diameter of the wire can also be used as a cross-check for the

length measurement of the coils.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

An intrinsic portion of the Stanley Meyer technology had inductors, chokes and coils as important components

of devices in the VIC,EPG and other printed circuit boards

Many of Stanley Meyer's patents and publications provide diagrams provide the general description or have live

drawings that lack exact component values of the resistors, capacitors , coils and chokes. Fortunately the high resolution

photographs from the L3 storage unit and by Don Gabel, The Orion Project and others allow for many printed circuits

to be closely reconstructed. The following article is related to the photogrammetric analysis of coils and inductors.

The values of the capacitors and resistors is much more straightforward using programs that match color code bands on resistors

with values and OCR image data files input cross-matched with component files based on supplier catalog scans.

Application

METHOD 1. Determine Length of bobbin, thickness or depth of winding,/the wire gauge and method of winding

The diameter of the outermost EPG channel or loop can be estimated.at about 17 inches

Therefore the outer circumference can be estimated at 17 x Pi inches

By dividing the circumference by the observed number of coils an estimated length of each coil can be made

A further refinement in precision can be made by subtraction of the total length L occupied by coil spacers.

So in the case where you count, let's say as way of example, 59 coils and 60 coil end spacers, each winding is

1/59th of the circumference of 53.4 inches or calculated at about 0.905 inches long.

METHOD 2.

.

Because of the high resolution photographs available, estimates the length of a coil can be made directly by use

of the measuring tools in Adobe Photoshop (r)or Screen Caliper(r Using a known measurement such as the outside

diameter of tubing i.e.. (0.500 inches) in conjunction with a screen distance tool in Photoshop(r) or another

program such as Screen Caliper(r) the length of the coil can be estimated.

THICKNESS OF COIL WINDINGS

Since the outside diameter of the core channel is known, an estimate of the thickness of depth of winding

may be obtained by using photogrammetric methods.

The total thickness or height of the wound coil is first measured. Then the core diameter is then subtracted.

the resulting figure is then divided by two. This is the height or thickness of the winding around the core.

So now we have what is call a winding window with height H and length L

.

H TIMES L = A the area of the winding window. Think of it as a cross-sectional view of

the coil windings with the ends of each wire being viewed.

Something like this:

IIOOOOOOOOOOOOII

IIOOOOOOOOOOOOII

IIOOOOOOOOOOOOII

representing 3 layers of wire with 12 wraps (the II symbolizing the coil dividers)

3 layers of wire by 12 wires wide or 36 turns or wraps of wire around a bobbin

IIooooooooooooooooooII

IIooooooooooooooooooII

HooooooooooooooooooII

In this example, a thinner wire could be wound 18 times on the same length of bobbin.

So the thinner the wire, the greater the number of winds per layer. Also the number of

layers would be greater. with thinner wire.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. NUMBER OF WINDS

Since the gauge of the wire can be estimated with a good amount of precision

,the use of circle packing theory (see wiki) theory can be used to determine the

number of turns that can fit through this winding window( Area equals Height

times length.

One factor that helps, is that wires come in standard thicknesses or diameters

For convenience the AWG (American Wire Gauge) is used in electrical

and electronic work, Electrical wiring in the U.S. is often 10,12 or 14AWG

Electronic work is often uses 18,22, or 30 AWG gauge wire

Whatever the reason the smaller the AWG number, the thicker or larger

the diameter of wire!! (Similar to the sizing scheme of buckshot.)

.

The reason this helps in photogrammetry, is that the gauges are** discrete** values

AWG Diameter in inches AWG Diameter in Inches

10 .1019 20 .0320

12 .0808 22 .0253

14 .0641 24 .0201

16 .0508 26 .0159

18 .0403 28 .0126

30 .0101

The 16 gauge wire is about 25% thicker than 18 gauge

The 22 gauge wire is about 25% thicker than 24 gauge

Not to get too technical, but this is a logarithmic scale, but the important concept

is the PERCENTAGE OF DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GAUGES IS LARGE

in relation to the precision achievable in photogrammetry

This means for a given photogrammetric distance is it easier to pick out the exact

gauge of wire used because the precision of the that method is often less than 2 to 5%.

PACKING FRACTION

There is a branch of mathematics which describes how many circles of uniform size can be drawn in a given area.

It goes by several names but let's just call it Circle Packing Theory. see Wikipedia article

By determining the winding window size, the appropriate circle packing fraction can be used to

determine a close estimate of the number of windings per coil. In the previous example

cross-section of a coil, it represents one type of winding

One type of winding is hexagonal winding, with the layers arranged more in a honeycomb pattern

Another type of winding is known as square or precision winding has each layer of winding with

turns directly on top the wires in the layer beneath with no offset.

And thirdly, there is a random type of winding with lots of crossover and gaps.

The hexagonal packing is the closest or densest method of winding coils

with a value of 0.906 or about 91% of the area occupied by wire with the

balance of the area being gaps between the wires

Square geometry winding with each winding of wire directly on top the

layer below ( No offset) has a value of 0.785 It is not at close or dense

a winding as hexagonal winding.

A random wind often a more gaps but the packing ratio is highly dependent

on the size of the wire relative the length and width of the winding window

Circle Packing Factors -- Percent of winding window occupied by wire

Hexagonal winding 90.6

Square winding 78.5

Random Highly gauge dependent (as gauge decreases, percent increases.)

Random winding will have a packing percent less than the optimum 90.6 percent

Consider for a moment two equally sized sheets of sandpaper.

One is coated coarse grade grit, the other coated with a fine grit used for

final sanding. The arrangement of the sand grains is random in both

cases but there are fewer grains of sand on the coarse paper and

many more grains of sand on the finer grit paper

.

This is analogous to the number of random winding or wraps of wire in a given

cross sectional area on a bobbin. Intuitively very small wire gauges have a

higher packing fraction than large. This is a difficult value to quantify

SO IN SOME CASES IT MAY BE POSSIBLE TO CALCULATE THE NUMBER OF TURNS

IN SOME CASES EMPIRCAL METHODS OR TEST WINDINGS MIGHT BE NECESSARY

As an example if the winding window is 1 square inch and the AWG is 22, and the tighter hexagonal

winding factor is used(0.906) then 0.906 square inches of that window is occupied by the area of the wire..

The cross-sectional area of AWG 22 is 0.0005 inches per turn

Thud 0.906 square inches of turns divided by 0.0005 square inch per turn equals approximately1800 turns.

With precision or square winding a factor of 0.78 instead of 0.906 can be used. This results in an estimate of

1560 turns through 1 inch square window. The lower number of turns is expected since the. coil winding is not

as densely wound

Also the length of the coils is needed for estimating the number of windings in determining the size of the\

bobbin winding winded in the circle packing theory application to inductance calculation.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

**4.]Velocity of Liquid or Gas[/b**]

In the Dealership Sales, Manual, Stan Meyer considered the velocity of the magnetized gas as

an important factor for the power output of the EPG. Ref.. EPG velocity doc.

Since the Canadian Patent Number CA1213671A1 titled "Electrical Particle Generator" mentions

"slurries" an examination of liquid flow may yield additional insight into mode of operation of the EPG devices. .

In the Mechanical Drive EPG had a velocity of 50 ips (inches per second) Ref EPG velocity doc

Adjustment of the pump speed is made using a rheostat to vary input voltage. Russ Greis developed an clever "breadboard"

with each coil having a jumper connection on both ends of the coils allowing for varied parallel or series connections

Thus a different voltage or amperage would have been possible (using the magnetic slurry)

The Mag-GAs Plasma EPGs (both the 6 and 7 tier systems operated at 90 ips Ref . EPG velocity doc.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

**5 Strength of Magnetic Flux** .

Because of lower magnetic susceptibility of gases vs slurries the multi-tier devices needed to be operated at higher speed.

This is based on the observation that the magnetic susceptibility in ferro-fluids is directly related to the percentage

of magnetite in suspension. A gas will have fewer atoms of paramagnetic materials/ cc because of its lower

density

To compensate for the lower magnetic susceptibility of the mag-gases the number of turns

of the pick-up array would likely need to be increased to compensate for the lower flux values.

in the multiple tier systems. In the multiple tier systems were see exactly that. The increased number of windings

(36000) and increased volume of core (at least six times greater because of multiple tiers) is one way of compensating\

for a lower flux value and to create higher power output (design power 44Kw to 66 Kw)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

THE EMF TRANFORMER EQUATION

The electrical particle generators( EPGs) should be thought of as a very efficient transforms and well as a generator

Similarities bewteen the types of EPGs

An examination of the available images seems to indicate:

1 The presence of input energy from a wall outlet About 120 volts alternating current 60 cycle/sec (US). Wall outlets often have 10 or 15 Amp

circuit breaks or fuses

2. A spiraled core consisting of copper pipe or tubing

3. A core surrounded by multiple coils of wire

4. A device that circulates a liquid, gas or slurry (mechanical pump, linear magnetic pump)

5. Magnetic Alignment coils in some cases

6 Electronic circuity

MAIN DISCUSSION FOLLOWS BELOW

VARIABLE LIST AND VALUE RANGE

VARIABLE VALUE SOURCE/// REFERENCE

V1 = velocity of magnetic field movement per second 50-90 ips In 2019 Handout in Bremen Conference

N1 = number of twists per unit length of non-magnetic **spiral divider** per unit length 0.3 - 1.2 Estimate for M 4steel considering thickness

and core diameter.

N3 = value of magnetic field strength ? TBD by calc. and type of EPG

F1 = value of the frequency pulsing alignment coils for dyne-axis of magnetic field 60 Hz/sec Mains frequency in US 60 Hz but 50 Hz some parts of EU--- wiki

N4= number of coils per tier 1 - 58 Don Gabel, photogrammetry and SEPG022,

N5 = number of turns in each coil 200 - 12000 Estimates using packing fractions, winding depth,

length photogrammetry as secondary verification

P1 = effective cross-section winding factor: random, hexagonal or precision winding 0.78- 0.906 Wiki refs circle packing theory

N6 = number of core sectors enclosed by pick-up coil 3- 4 Don Gabel images of various EPG's

N7= number of tiers 1 -7 Birth of New Technology 1994 or 1995 ed

A1= cross-sectional area of tubing uses in EPG tier ( in inches0 0.218 -0.254 The Copper Handbook

Power Input Variables

)

W1 = watts required for initiation of flow ( Initial inertial load) Rheological, mass density and volume consideration TBC

W2= steady state power load for mag-media circulation see appendix TBC

W3 = dyne-axis load see appendix TBC

Known values

N1 known

N2 known

N3 calculation to be completed

N4 known

N5 known

N6 known

F1 known

P1 known

V1 known

Stated design output was 220 VAC @ 200- 300 amps ( per Deer Creek Seminar notes)

Let's try to solve for N3. At one of the conferences in 2019 ( SMC 2019 Bremen Ohio), it was proposed that the Transformer EMF

equation might be used in the mathematical model of the Meyer EPG series regarding the flux density problem.

Through photogrammetry the maximum number of turns , number of coils, diameter and volume of the core

magnetized slurry/gas can be determined. Since the output power, velocity, and frequency are known with some precision.

it may be possible to arrange the transformer EMF equation to obtain a Beta Max for the flux density!!

Another observation was made at the 2019 Bremen Conference that the larger the core volume, the lower value of the magnetic

saturation could be in the core and still maintain the same power output. This is because the** total power output** for the

device is dependent in part upon the total amount of flux present or contained in the magnetic core.

If the other design factors such as the number of coils, number of winds and same velocity of the magnetic

gas or slurry are maintained, the limitations of the maximum level of magnetic saturation of the EFH series ferrofluids

can be mitigated. To increase power output scale up the **volume** of the transformer core and the magnetic saturation

can be lower and still provide the design power output. While the 400 Hz mil-spec converters are still an option for

the magnetic drives, if operating frequency matches the 50 or 60 Hz standard for output for electricity for residential use.

the need for frequency conversion is eliminated.

Pump sizing

"Oil" based ferro-fluid characteristics see attachments

1. Saturation Magnetization vs Magnetic Particle Concentration of EMG Oil Based Ferrofluids

There is a direct linear relationship between how much magnetic saturation (strength) and the percent of

magnetite in suspension

'

2. Although the magnetic saturation ( Ms ) vs % magnetite is linear, the rheological ("thickness or viscosity" characteristics are not.

At concentrations of more than 10% magnetite, there is a rapid increase in viscosity.

3 Ferrotech(r) only had 2 viscosity Educational Ferrofluids EFH at the time of Stan Meyer's research EFH1 and EFH-4

but EFH -1 had the most saturation but was the thinnest of the two choices

4 The EMG series ( a similar Oil Based Ferrofluid) has 5 different types with varied magnetic saturation and

viscosities so these were examined because a a greater number of data points were available see attachment

It is seen that in the EFH series that the EFH-1 has the highest Ms/ viscosity ratio

In the EMG series EMG-905 has the highest Ms/viscosity ratio

Stan Meyer was likely looking for a Ferrofluid that maximized Ms in relation to viscosity

If the ferrofluid is too thick it might show greater resistance to pumping

If the ferrofluid is too thin it does not maximize the Ms needed for power generation

There appears to be a "Goldilocks zone" not too thick to pump and not too weak in terms of

the magnetic saturation of flux limits (about 400 Ms. in EFH and EMG series)

For the oil based (actually a type of kerosene) ferrofluids having a magnetic susceptibility

of 400 gauss seem to be optimum.in terms of magnetic susceptibility in relation to viscosity.

That being said, it is very likely that ferrofluids were tried in the mechanical drive

EPG and possibly in other EPG types

Since output data is only available for the 6Tmaggas EPG and for the velocity of the magnetic medium, 'I think a problem approach might be

to determine the flux in the 6 multi-tier system as if EFH-1 was present and then scale down to the magnetic pump system and volume of EFH-1

at the stated velocity and use a ,calculated flux density to determine output characteristics of the magnetic pump device in terms of output.

The sizing of the bus bars, the parallel arrangement of the pick-up coils and the breakdown voltage of the insulation might put some upper

limits to how it was being operated and limits to the possible voltages and amps produced

Design output 220 VAC at 300 amps = 44,000 to 66,000 watts

Caluculations

So now let's assign values to some of the variables....

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cross sectional area is calculated as follows:

1. Determine the diameter of the tubing 0.5" obtained by photogrammetry 0.5 outside diameter

also confirmed by actual measurement by Don Gabel . (see notebook photos)

2. Determine the range of. possible internal diameters Common types of pipe K L and M that have the

same outside diameter but thickness of inner diameter and wall thickness vary.

Stan Meyer may have used pre-coiled air conditioning or water supply tubing. for ease of construction.

MECHANICAL DRIVE EPG –FLOW RATE ANALYSIS

As discussed previously, a small electrically powered mechanical pump was used to circulate a permanently magnetized gas or slurry in a closed loop system.

• From the photogrammetric analysis of available imagery, the pump was identified as a Model B-500 Little Giant®

• The manufacturer specifications show that the pump was designed to provide a flow rate of 500 gallons per hour when pumping water.

• Some information is available regarding the flow rate of the magnetic material when the EPG was operating. The flow rate has been posted on the internet as 50 inches per second.

• Additionally the outside diameter of the copper tubing has been determined to be 0.500 inches by photogrammetric means

With the preceding information, it may be possible to perform calculations to verify that the pump selected is consistent and capable with reported velocity for the magnetic slurry or gas. The original device, now owned by Quad City Innovations was not available for inspection and for direct measurement but a reasonable estimate of flow rate within a working EPG can be made.

Dimensions and Types of the Copper Tubing

At the time of the construction of the EPG systems, there were, as there are today, three major types of copper tubing with letters being assigned to tubing of varying wall thickness. They are designated as type K, L and M, with K having the thickest wall and M having the thinnest wall ref The Copper Handbook

Type O.D. I..D. Wall Cross-Section Volume

of tube peri inch

K 0.500 0.402 0.049 .127 .127

L 0.500 0.430 0.035 .145 145

M 0.500 0.450 0.028 .159 .159

From the tubing chart of copper tubing with outside diameter of 0.500, type “K ”will be used as an example for the calculations.

• The internal cross-sectional area of type “K” tubing is 0.127 square inches.

• A cylinder with this size base and 1 inch tall would have a volume of 0.127 cubic inches

Formula

Volume of cylinder = area of base times height ( V = B x H)

Since the velocity has been given as 50 inches per second, a cylinder 50 inches long would have a volume equal to the cross sectional area times the height of 50. This represents the volume of liquid pumped past a point on the spiraled tubing in one second

Conversion factors

3600 seconds / 1 hour

0.0043 U.S. gallons / 1 cubic inch

Example for Type “K” Tubing

1.27 cubic inches/second times 50 = 6.35 cubic inches per second 6.35 cubic inches/ second times 3600 sec/ hr. = 22,860 cubic inches/ hour.

Then by applying the appropriate conversion factor, gallons per hour may be obtained.

Thus, 22,860 cubic inches / hour times 0.0043 gallons/ cubic inch equals flow rate of 98.3 gallons per hour for Type ”K” tubing.

In a similar fashion, the flow rate of types L and M are determined.

• Type ”L” has a flow rate of 7.25 cubic inches/second which yields a value of 112.5 gallons per hour.

• Type M tubing has a flow rate of 7.95 cubic inches /second which yields a value of 123.0 U.S. gallons/ hour.

• Depending on the type of tubing used, the flow rate was calculated to be between 98 and 123 gallons per hour

.

**Summary**

The Little Giant ® pump was rated at 500 gph so it appears that the specifications of the pump were reasonable for the operation of the mechanical drive EPG. The pump was designed to pump water but in this application a slurry containing magnetic material would be

• denser

• have an increased viscosity

• be susceptible to possible back emf eddy currents reducing flow

• experience turbulence at sharp bends and at the pump impellers

• experience back pressure in a closed system

• be susceptible to magnetic restriction to flow at the alignment coils

As an example, a ferro fluid such as EFH-1 (Ferro-Tech) has a density of

1.21 g/cc, a viscosity of 6 cP and Saturation Magnetization of 440 Gauss

all of which could contribute to a slower flow velocity. Thus it is expected that

the flow rate would be less than 500 gallons per hour.

However there is some evidence for ferro-fluids to have lower viscosity under certain circumstances

Evidence for use of fluids used (or at least tried) in the Mechanical Drive EPG

• The existence of a photograph of another copper spiral with the label

1 ¼ cup

• the Pantone® color matching of spill corrosion to Copper

Oleate

• photographs of EFH-1 in the laboratory

A very useful free reference is **The Copper Tubing Handbook** fermi which provides the specifications and measurements

for copper tubing and pipe.

You can google The Copper Tubing Handbook for the pdf or just click on this link:

https://pbar.fnal.gov/organizationalchart/Leveling/2004%20water%20cage%20work/Cutubehandbook.pdf

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Reducing resistance to flow

One observation concerning the publicly available EPG images, it that there do not seem to be joints on the spiraled sections

themselves although the connecting copper pipes to the pumps or other means of moving the slurry or gas are straight.

Stan Meyers was practical and tried to keep things simple, so I believe he just used piping that was already coiled when purchased.

So, now let's use the above reference to get a range of possible values for the cross-sections of the copper tubing and pipes

commonly available.. Copper pipe has three basic wall thicknesses: Type K, Type L and Type M So even though the outside

diameter may remain the same, a THICKER wall means a SMALLER cross-section inside the tube

So here's the values of cross-sectional area for different copper tubing and pipe in square inches:

Type K 0.218 Type L 0.233 Type M 0.254 So the cross-sectional area for coiled copper pipe is between 0.218 and 0.254 square inches

Since the 6 tier system is not available for examination at this time, there is a degree of imprecision for the cross-sectional area value

Because the cross-sectional area is used in volume calculations and in the calculation of total magnetic flux for these systems, the estimates

of system performance depend upon the type of tubing used in the construction

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Length of tubing carrying magnetic slurry/gas

Since the EPGs are of a general circular design, the formula C = D x Pi or stated -- Circumference of a circle equals the

diameter of the circle multiplied by Pi (approximately 3.1416)

Now, if you are trying to find the total length of tubing used in an EPG which is a spiral, for example(In this case exactly

3 loops, then think of this as 3 circles each with a different diameter and circumference

The outer loop is longer than the middle loop which is in turn larger the innermost ring of loop.

So roughly speaking, let's say you had an EPG like the Magnetic Drive (Red Pump) System and that by examination

or photogrammetry and it was determined that diameter was 17 inches.

If you are using 1/2 inch tubing in the construction, what would be the diameter of the middle loop?

The radius of the middle loop is moved in by 1/2 inch because of the width of the outer loop or to put it another

way, the diameter of the middle loop would be 16 inches measured across its outside By a similar reasoning, the innermost loop

is or about 15 inches in diameter.

So the length the spiral is approximately ( 15 + 16 + 17) times Pi. Now Stan Meyer for reasons of type of pump used (B-500)

had input and output connections at right angles)then some portions of the spiral had four loops instead of three so adjustments will have to be

made for this added length. The total length of is important because this is used in the calculations for the volume of gas or ferrofluid being

used and also in the calculations for inductance and the number windings for the coils as well as the length of wire required for making the windings.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Coils and length of wire need for project and per coil

Length of wire for winding is dependent on the number of channels used for the flowing magnetic media

End View "Tube" length

A formula for a single wind around a single circular core O diameter of wire times 1

1.A formula for multiple winds around a singular tubular core of length L O diameter of wire x N number of windings or wraps

2 A formula for multiple winds around two adjacent tubular cores of length L OO diameter of wire x N number of windings or wraps

.3 A formula for multiple winds around three adjacent tubular cores of length OOO diameter of wire x N number of windings or wraps

4 General Formula for multiple winds around multiple tubes OOOO... diameter of wire x N number of windings or wraps

So the length of the tube determines the total number of wraps possible independent of the number of adjacent tubes

(close wraps no spacing between wraps on tube)

Formula Length of tube (think inductor core) equals the number of wraps times the width or diameter of the wire L= N times W or L/ divided by W = N

ay of determining the number of wraps that can fit on a given length of tube or core

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Now for the fun part determining the Length of Wire needed for one wrap around multiple adjacent cores

Formula for 1 core O L = Diameter of core times Pi

Formula for 2 adjacent cores OO L = (Diameter of core times Pi) PLUS 2D <--- for the wire that bridges the "notch" between the adjacent tubes (top and bottom)

Formula foe 3 adjacent cores OOO L = (Diameter of core times Pi) PLUS 4D <--- to account for the length needed to bridge 2 notches between the adjacent tubes (top and bottom)

Formula for 4 adjacent cores OOOO L = Diameter of core times Pi) PLUS 6D <--- To account for the length needed to bridge 3 notches between the adjacent tubes (top and bottom)

In summary, we now can calculate the length of a single wrap of wire around multiple adjacent cores and if we multiply that by the number of wraps or turns that can be wrapped on a given

linear length of core

it is useful in determining the amount of wire needed

General Formula for Single Layer 1 wrap or turn around multiple adjacent tubes

L length equals ( Diameter of core or tube) plus ( ( N or number of cores minus 1) times 2)

So now is possible to calculate the number of winds or wraps (single layer0 around an EPG if we know the diameter of the outermost core of a spiraled EPG, the number of "loops" in the spiral, the outside

diameter of the core tubing and the gauge, diameter or width of the wire used to wrap the core

So let's give a quick try for the multitier 6TmaggasEPG

1 tier is about 17 inches in diameter. Since the line drawing of the 7 tier system and photographs show the drain/connecting tubes are 180 degrees apart so its possible to keep the number of loops for a tier to

be 2.5 3.5 or 4.5 loops or if the connecting tubes are all exact integers of loops the connecting tube could be all on one side. Or the direction of the flow could be counterclockwise one tier and clockwise in the other tier. So based on the line drawing lets say that that each tier has 3.5 loops

Length of core for 1 tier [ ( 15+16+17)]times Pi ] plus( 1/2 times 14 times Pi) = 150.78 + 29.99 = 172.77 inches 6 tiers 1036 inches

172.77 inches divided by .025 inches per turn (22 gauge wire by photogrammetry = maximum 6910 turns per tier

6 times 6910 = 41,460 turns or if you use exactly 3 loops per tier 150.78 times 6 = 904 inches 904 divided by 0.025 = about 36,191 turns 6 tiers 906 inches

Image a n inductor with between 36 and 41 thousand turns of wire and between 75 and 86 feet long !! depending on method of construction

Design parameters Metric

The design output is 220 volts at 300 amp draw 66,000 watts (Watts)

(W) 220 times 300 amp draw = 66,000 watts

The cross-sectional area of the core is between 0.218 and 0.254 square in

or (A) = 1.406 to 1.634 sq cm or 0.0001406 0.0001634 square meters

F (frequency) is 60 cycle/ second AC

V (voltage) is 220 volts AC output

K Constant = 4.44

Solving of Bm =Betamax

Basic equation

V = voltage

F = supply frequency

N = number of turns

A = cross sectional area in square meters

B = peak magnetic flux density in Weber / meter squared or T tesla

K = 4.44

V = 4.44 x F x N x A x B or rearranging this

B = V divided by( 4.44 x f x N x A)

So let's try plugging in a few figures for a six tier device

V = voltage 220 VAC

F= 60 hertz per second in the US

N= 11,873

A = 0. 000468 sq m area 3 channels of pipe x 0.242 sq inches divided by conversion factor 1550 = 000468 square metres

4.44 = constant

Bmax = 220/ 1480 or 0.1486 Wb/M squared or Tesla for the 5/8" six tier system4.44 times F*N * Beta Max * A

Rearranging: Beta Max = V divided by ( 4.44 x F x N x A)

220 divided by( 4.44 times 60 Hz/sec frequency times 36191 x .218 A sq inches = .0001046

now to work on units. with a different diameter..

V = 220 VAC...

F = supply frequency

N = number of turns

A = cross sectional area in square meters

B = peak magnetic flux density in Wb / meter squared or T tesla

K = constant

V = 4.44 x F x N x A x Beta max, or rearranging this

Beta max = V divided by( 4.44 * F * N * A )

So plugging in a few figures for a six tier device with a 5/8" OD copper spiral

V = voltage 220 VAC

F= 60 hertz per second in the U

N = 11,87

A = 0. 000468 sq m area 3 channels of pipe x 0.242 sq inches divided by conversion factor 1550 = 000468 square metres

B = BetaMax

K = 4.44 ( constant )

Thus Bmax = 220/ 1480 or 0.1486 Wb/M squared or Tesla for the 5/8" six tier system

**Next Topic Multiple layer coils**

In terms of construction if the cross sectional area is changed because of using a larger diameter tubing but keeping N number of turns the same and the length of the

spiraled coils is the same and other factors the same (same desired output) t because the output is related to the amount of flux of the core, the larger the core in terms

of cross section (and volume) means that a lower Beta value in the core of the upsized EPG can still result in the desired power output. Basically if more power is

needed the large core can allow for a lower amount of flux to be used if there is a limit to magnetic saturation for the slurry or mag-gas matrix.

This is more useful to calculate wire requirements for the Mechanical Pump EPG .

Since it's possible to estimate the thickness of the coils, the length of the original coils,

the gauge of the wire and velocity of the ferrofluid 50 ips and using a flux value estimate

a power output for the Mechanical Pump EPG.

Modify message

epg coil tap termnals.jpg

1. Dealership Sales Manual (Third Edition) 1986 p. J9 or WFC Memo 418 Electrical Particle Generator Appendix Fig. 27 " Mechanical Drive EPG

2, Canadian Patent CA1213671A1 Electrical Particle Generator

3. Image Estate Visit image jpg DSC-178 06/13/2009 Top View Mechanical Drive EPG

4. Image Estate Visit image jpg DSC-167 06 13 2009 Top Vier EPG

5. Image Estate Visit image jpg Linear Drive EPG 2006 visit

6. Image Russ Gries replication Magnetic Drive EPG from open-source-energy.org

7. Image Estate Visit image jpg DSC-179 B500 pump with 90 degree angle inlet and outlet ports-

8. Image Estate Visit

9. EPG Electrical Magnetic Gas Accelerator Fig. 28.Line Drawing Dealership Manual p J9 and WFC Memo 418 Appendix

10. EPG Photon Gas Accelerator Fig.29. Dealership Manual p.J12 and WFC Memo 418 Appendix

11 EPG Magnetic Field Spin Generator Fig. 30 Dealership Manual and WFC Memo 418 Appendix

12.Image video clip from Deercreek Sermon and Seminar (Part 1)

13.

14.

15.

16. EPG velocity doc.

17.

18.