Author Topic: Is the VIC a flyback transformer setup?  (Read 770 times)

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Is the VIC a flyback transformer setup?
« on: March 21, 2017, 10:59:53 am »
Here some theory
(again  ;) )

The flyback transformer does not function in the same manner as a typical 2 winding transformer where current flows simultanously in both the primary and secondary circuits. Instead one can think of it as an inductor with the identical magnetic field of the inductor linkng the two coils. The primary builds up the stored energy in the magnetic field and the secondary utilizes the stored energy for its particular circuit. The turns ratio will determine the voltage-current scaling between the primary and secondary. The current in the primary is ramp fed - ie the current increase from zero to a value building up the magnetic field in the inductor. A diode in the secondary circuit does not allow any current during this phase of operation. When the primary current ends, the magnetic field releases its energy through the secondary circuit with a decreasing current also in a ramp like manner. Why a ramp? Well that follows from the formula for an inductor v = L di/dt. For a television or monitor CRT, the secondary is of more turns than the primary and there will be a voltage increase in the secondary of around 20kV. This voltage is applied between the electron gun and the surface of the screen and is what accelerates the electrons to the screen to give them enough energy to energize the phospherous layer of the screen, this voltage is good for around a 14 inch CRT. Larger monitors or television use even a higher voltage achieved through a capacitive voltage multiplier circuit. The flyback operates around 15khz on a typical television. The primary circuit is fed from or feeds, depending upon the circuitry, the movement of the electron stream from left to right on the CRT, so that is why a ramp circuit is important. The televsion has 525 lines per screen and it updates each screen 30 times per second. Multiplying 30 refreshes x 525 lines gives about 15kHz for an older style television. The secondary operates when the primary circuit has moved the electron stream to the far right and has to move back to the left again. You can well see that the secondary doesn't have much time to perform its function, so the magnetic field has to release its energy quickly. doing so induces the high voltage and subsequently the lower overall current in the higher turns ratio secondary.

Reference https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/flyback-transformer-confusion.701736/

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Re: Is the VIC a flyback transformer setup?
« Reply #1 on: March 21, 2017, 11:02:03 am »
So you limit current as it will never be more current then the primary will pull.
Then the magfield will collapse in a normal manner starting with high voltage followed by current on a timed base....