Author Topic: Daniel Dingle Patent Found  (Read 15079 times)

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Re: Daniel Dingle Patent Found
« Reply #24 on: September 21, 2013, 17:52:00 pm »
Was wondering about the honeycomb grid if its stainless.
Then underneath is the bismuth and Neo magnets that make up the positive section.
Does anyone have the capability of using bismuth and neodymium as one electrode?

In Dingles first page of the application he states nuclear energy and that's where the bismuth must come in maybe?

Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83. Bismuth, a pentavalent poor metal, chemically resembles arsenic and antimony. Elemental bismuth may occur naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores. The free element is 86% as dense as lead. It is a brittle metal with a silvery white color when freshly produced, but is often seen in air with a pink tinge owing to surface oxidation. Bismuth is the most naturally diamagnetic and has one of the lowest values of thermal conductivity among metals.

Bismuth metal has been known from ancient times, although until the 18th century it was often confused with lead and tin, which share some physical properties. The etymology is uncertain, but possibly comes from Arabic bi ismid, meaning having the properties of antimony[2] or German words weisse masse or wismuth ("white mass"), translated in the mid sixteenth century to New Latin bisemutum.[3]

Bismuth has long been considered as the element with the highest atomic mass that is stable. However, it was recently discovered to be slightly radioactive: its only primordial isotope, bismuth-209, decays with a half life more than a billion times the estimated age of the universe.[4]

No other metal is verified to be more naturally diamagnetic than bismuth.[11][14] (Superdiamagnetism is a different physical phenomenon.) Of any metal, it has one of the lowest values of thermal conductivity (after manganese, and maybe neptunium and plutonium) and the highest Hall coefficient.[15] It has a high electrical resistance.[11] When deposited in sufficiently thin layers on a substrate, bismuth is a semiconductor, rather than a poor metal.[16]

The only primordial isotope of bismuth, bismuth-209, was traditionally regarded as the heaviest stable isotope, but it had long been suspected[29] to be unstable on theoretical grounds. This was finally demonstrated in 2003, when researchers at the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale in Orsay, France, measured the alpha emission half-life of 209Bi to be 1.9×1019 years,[30] over a billion times longer than the current estimated age of the universe. Owing to its extraordinarily long half-life, for all presently known medical and industrial applications, bismuth can be treated as if it is stable and nonradioactive. The radioactivity is of academic interest because bismuth is one of few elements whose radioactivity was suspected and theoretically predicted, before being detected in the laboratory. Bismuth has the longest known alpha decay half-life, although tellurium-128 has a double beta decay half-life of over 2.2×1024 years.[31]

This is an interesting metal.